What are the Panic Attacks?
A panic attack is a sudden outbreak of excessive fear or distress that reaches a peak within a minute. Panic attacks can be caused by medical conditions and other physical causes or situations.
It also occurs when the person has repeated panic attacks either from fear of having another attack, of having a heart attack, of losing control, or of going insane.
Symptoms and Signs of Panic Attacks
The signs and symptoms of Panic Attack include:
Accelerated heart rate
Trembling or shaking
Sensations of shortness of breath
Fear of dying
Fear of losing your mind
Numbness or tingling
Causes of Panic Attacks
Panic attacks can be happened at any time by serious or depressing situations that are unexpected, and they can often appear by nothing at all. They can also occur to the normal person if the situation is threatening, such as severe stress, loss of job or share, death of a loved one, financial loss, or more.
Panic attacks occur by physical causes or other medical conditions.
How To Deal With Panic Attacks?
Panic attacks can be unexpected and intense. They can strike anyone, and maybe they are caused by stress, anxiety, panic disorder, or bankruptcy. If you or someone got panic attacks, then you should take these steps:
- Keep calm
- Take medicine if you often take it during an attack.
- Speak to the person who got an attack in short or simple sentences.
- Help in slowing the breath by breathing with him or by counting slowly to 10.
- Move to a quiet spot nearby.
Management strategies for panic disorder depend on a person’s particular situation. However, the management usually involves CBT, PRN, either face to face with an expert therapist or through the internet from the association. Mostly, management plans include:
- Ongoing estimation
- Knowledge about panic disorder
- Cognitive interventions
- Behavioral interventions
In some of the situations, antidepressant medication can help to control panic attacks, but sedative medication is not suitable in these situations.
If the patient has the severity of panic attacks, In such a situation, generally, a doctor prescribes a PRN, that contains a beta-blocker or benzodiazepine. Propranolol is a beta-blocker that reduces the speed of a racing heart and also decreases blood pressure.
Referral or expert advice/consultation can be necessary if panic attacks continue regularly despite the above measures.